Journey to Ecuador

The following is a brief description for this home-spun movie, “Journey to Ecuador”. This epic motion-picture documentary is high adventure… travel to and exploring the urban, rural and remote wilderness areas of exotic Equador.

Apparently Ecuador has the only Constitution of any nation in the world with rights for Nature. Snow-covered peaks, white sand-beaches and more types of animals than nearly anyplace else make this one of the most exciting adventure documentaries I have embarked upon yet.

We intend to explore, discover and document the Galapagos Islands too which are just offshore of mainland Ecuador about 600 miles. We plan to get there by Trimaran!

This is more than just an adventure movie.. it’s a “How-to” for Global Travel & Independent Filmmaking!

Ecuador, one of the world’s most diverse countries in relation to its size, holds one of the greatest amounts of plant and animal species in the world. It is a coastal country, bordered by Columbia to the north, Peru to the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

Here I plan to live on a sailboat and work along the coastline. A trimaran seems like the best way to go…

And there are a lot of different kinds. I am posting these images here to get ideas and to know what to look for and to visualize.

Whether by land or sea or air, the country of Equador in all its diversity awaits this new arrival of enthusiasm and conscientiousness. I love that this country has the only consitution in the world that gives ecosystems rights.

Ecuador has four diverse and completely different regions, each with its own offerings for tourists:

  • The Pacific Coast, with great beaches
  • Amazon Rain Forest — exotic jungle, rivers and wide range of plants and animals
  • Highlands of the Andes — Snowcapped mountains, volcanoes, Indian villages, and colonial cities
  • Galapagos Islands — inhabited by animals not found elsewhere in the world

Many travelers refer to Ecuador as one of the most attractive, peaceful, and friendlycountries in South America, and costs are relatively low in most areas. It is a premier destination for bird watching, with 17 percent of all the species of the world living here. In fact, the flora and the fauna attract not only nature lovers but leading botanists and scientists.

Since it’s located right on the equator, Ecuador as a whole has no extreme weather changes, with climate changes determined by altitude rather than latitude.. As a general rule it is far cooler in the highlands and more tropical with humid, wetter climates in the Amazon and Coastal areas.

Ecuador’s inexpensive and generally reliable buses are the country’s preferred form of travel. In contrast, the train network covers only a small portion of the country. The road network is limited and less than 15 percent of the highways are paved, and floods and landslides can cause havoc. Finally, some primary domestic air carriers are relatively inexpensive, with the exception of trips to the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador has a wide range of cuisine, with Western cooking, as well as a wide variety of international cooking, available throughout the country. Fruits and juices appear in great varieties.

Accommodations are plentiful, ranging from international luxury hotels to meager shelters. If you’re on a mid-range budget, you’ll be pleased with the numbers of clean low-cost hotels in most cities and towns. Again, the Galapagos Islands are an exception.

Come prepared to wear lightweight woolens, with warm jackets for the evenings, in the highlands, and light tropical attire in the Amazon area . Cobblestone streets make high heels a bad choice.

The predominant religion is Roman Catholic, with many celebrations and holidays revolving around the church calendar. When visiting churches, monasteries, and shrines, those in shorts, miniskirts, or similar attire will offend others.

When to Go:

The Highlands — the dry winter from June to September, but also enjoyable other months

The Amazon Basin — the dry season from May to November, avoiding the rainy season when the jungle may be impenetrable

The Galapagos Islands — May to December is fine. Ideal is March through May and November and December. (July, August and December are costlier). Surfing season is December through February.

Events/Holidays:

There are 23

Passport Requirements: All visitors need valid passports to enter Ecuador. Note that the country does not always allow entrance if the holder’s passport expires in under six months. Under a new law, no visas are necessary.

Language: Ecuador’s official language is Spanish, but Quichua, an Inca language, is spoken by the Indian population. Besides Spanish, ten native languages are spoken in Ecuador.

Currency: The U.S. dollar is Ecuador’s currency. The country has coins ranging from one to 50 cents, all equivalent to the American coins. U.S. coins are accepted as well.

Things to Avoid:

Lack of Personal Safety: At night, stick to busy well-lit streets and never admit you are traveling alone. Be sure someone at home knows your itinerary.

For transportation, think twice before driving, as roads are poor, and travel only during the day. Definitely do not hitchhike, particularly women.

Theft of Valuables: Bring as little with you as possible. Keep your cash, cards, and papers in a money belt, especially in large cities. And don’t let your bags out of your sight while traveling from place to place.

Sickness: Inoculations: You are required by Ecuadorian law to show a vaccination certificate for yellow fever. Also, make sure you’re up to date on your other vaccinations and boosters.

Food and Water: Tap water is unsafe to drink. Bottled water and sealed soft drinks are safe.

Sunburn: Use a high-factor sunscreen

Eco-pods ~ Huts n Villages – Pono Shelter n Way of Life for Hawaii

All that is really needed to live in Hawaii is a bed and a roof with or without walls, preferably only half-walls if any. Keeping the mana flowing is paramount in a place to live, especially in a place that is perfect temperature for the human body, between 75-85 degrees year-round.

It helps to have a mosquitoe net, but this is not as necessary once the home is up off the ground.

A treehouse is best type of home I have ever lived in. There are thousands of different kinds and styles.

Regardless of the design, the following are key amenities: solar power or other source of renewable energy, water catchment, compost, garden, garden tools and a treehouse building and repair kit.

Using available materials and land we build one shelter after another. This is habitat for humanity built and occupied by staff, student and clients until permanent dwellers move-in. Then we build some more elsewhere. Simple, sustainable, holistic designs that are in balance with the ecology. Where possible, most or all of the materials used are host materials, meaning they are readily available on-site or close-by.

Much more suited for the tropics than Alaska, it even worked in Alaska. I lived in a small, little treehouse for two years and I loved it. All seasons, all kinds of conditions. It was beautiful, challenging and fun. The main challenges was the deep woods it was in and the sheer height above the ground.

Yet, a treehouse in the tropics can be as few as 7 feet above theground- enough to walk under, preferable more. This ground floor is a great place for laundry, kitchen and bathroom. There is also storage and places to hang stuff, dry clothes, etc.

Conventional housing in the tropics sucks. Stagnant, humid air, cockroaches, ants and mold. That is what you can expect even from a high-end home.

However, get the house up off the ground and that eliminates a good number of the above issues. Every ten feet or so above the ground is quite a bit dryer and with more air-flow especially in a place that has perpetual tradewinds like Hawaii. But most houses just have windows and two many corners. The fewer corners the better. They trap dust and energy.

There are SO MANY people trapped and lured, baited and hooked into buying a crappy, conventional stick-built house with very little natural ventilation and even then having so many part of the house that doesn’t ever see the light of day or fresh air. This stagnant energy transfers to the person.

 

The opposite is true living in a treehouse that has open-air capability and is also able to be battoned down in the event of a storm or heavy wind and rain.

The best design I know of to date is a hexagon floor plan with a large variety of ways to suspend that base floor 7-10 feet or more above ground.

Three recent videos about the Kingdom of Hawaii, one about Barak Obama

This documentary about US President Barak Obama, instead of discrediting him, actually made me renew my enthusiasm, respect and support of him. Next I am going to donate some cash to his campaign!

——————————————–

Barack Hussein Obama II is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Wikipedia
Born: August 4, 1961 (age 51), Honolulu
Full name: Barack Hussein Obama II
Net worth: 11.8 million USD (2010)celebritynetworth.com
EducationHarvard Law School (1988–1991),More

Reply to President Obama’s call for support…

No, Mr. President,

I am no longer with you. I commend you for your valiant efforts and for making such a huge difference in the US and for the world.

I am not going to vote for you this time around due to Lybia and Syria- two illegal invasions and take-overs under your watch. You may or may not be aware that CIA trained a group of Al Qaeda terrorists to storm Tripoli and covertly take over an otherwise great country. Most of or all of the hype about Qadaffi was bullshit. I will give you the benefit of the doubt as many Presidents are unaware of what the M.I.E. is up to such as Bush Sr. as VP in ’87 sendin our unit, 2/6 “President’s Police Force, to invade Lybia in 1987 illegally, unknown to Congress or President Reagan. Our mission was to test his defenses. It was a suicide mission.

Can’t blame ya if you were out of the loop on the take-over of Lybia considering the US presidency becomes just a figure-head position after the first year or two. But you sure did rock n roll while you were able. What did they do? Threaten your wife and children? Glad all are still alive and well.

Another reason I am not willing to vote for ya is because Ross Perot was once again not allowed to debate. What kind of free country is that?

I am considering helping to dismantle the US in lieu of re-establishing America the country rather than the Federal Reserve based United States Corporation, an extremely corrupt facade and cowardly system of oppression and unconscious consumption, out-dated colonialism, control and police actions worldwide.

It is publicly known now that the US Marines have been being used to dictate foreign policy on behalf of heartless, gutless Bankers and war-monderers for decades.
Good luck being free of office and leading as much of normal life as you can when this term is done.

If you can, while still in office, put your backing and support with Ross Perot. Give him a fair chance and a lot of grace will be extended to you.

Also, formally re-instate the Kingdom of Hawai’i as Queen Lilioukalani entrusted the US Presidency with her sovereign nation while she and her country were being illegally overthrown in 1893 by religious zealots, United Christ Church, and greedy business people.

Sincerely,

David K. Swendiman
aka Capt. Lakota, New Earth Army
Kaua’i Base Commander

—————————————–

On Sun, Oct 7, 2012 at 12:27 PM, Barack Obama wrote:

David —My first run for office started way back in 1995. Back then I knocked on doors, stood in front of grocery stores shaking hands, and printed my own flyers at the local copy shop.I haven’t won everything I’ve taken on since then, but I’ve learned a heck of a lot from the challenges I’ve faced — and I’ve never regretted a single fight.

This time, losing just isn’t an option. Too much is at stake. Millions of Americans have fought too long and too hard for health care reform, the opportunity for their kids to go to college, and for a steady job with a good wage. But a Romney-Ryan White House would roll back so much of our progress.

Just remember, these are the guys that talk about repealing the Affordable Care Act on their first day in office, taking away a woman’s right to make her own health decisions, turning Medicare into a voucher system — and giving huge tax breaks to millionaires and billionaires at the expense of middle-class families.

I am going to do everything in my power to make sure they don’t get the chance — but I can’t do this alone. If you’re waiting for the perfect time to step up and do your part to support this campaign, that’s right now. Please take the next step and donate to this campaign.

What you give right now will decide whether we can get enough voters to the polls on November 6th.

So, are you with me?

https://donate.barackobama.com/30-Days

Or, if you can’t chip in today, sign up to volunteer — head on over to Dashboard and get to work in our online field office:

http://my.barackobama.com/Head-to-Dashboard

Thanks,

Barack

P.S. — When we wake up exactly one month from today, we’ll know the outcome of this election. Don’t spend that day — and the next four years — wishing you had done more. Donate $5 or more today to have an impact in the time we have left.

Paid for by Obama for America
Contributions or gifts to Obama for America are not tax deductible
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Kānāwai Māmalahoe “Law of the Splintered Paddle”

Kānāwai Māmalahoe

 

Kānāwai Māmalahoe, on a plaque under the Kamehameha Statues.

Kānāwai Māmalahoe, or Law of the Splintered Paddle (also translated Law of the Splintered Oar), is a precept in Hawaiian law, originating with King Kamehameha I in 1797. The law, “Let every elderly person, woman and child lie by the roadside in safety,” is enshrined in the state constitutionArticle 9, Section 10, and has become a model for modern human rights law regarding the treatment of civilians and other non-combatants.[1] It was created when Kamehameha was fighting in Puna. While chasing two fishermen (presumably with the intention to kill them), his leg was caught in the reef, and one of the fisherman, Kaleleiki, hit him mightily on the head with a paddle in defense, which broke into pieces. Luckily, Kamehameha was able to escape. Years later, the same fisherman was brought before Kamehameha. Instead of ordering for him to be killed Kamehameha ruled that the fisherman had only been protecting his land and family, and so the Law of the Splintered Paddle was declared.[1][2]

The complete original 1797 law in Hawaiian:

Kānāwai Māmalahoe :

E nā kānaka,
E mālama ‘oukou i ke akua
A e mālama ho‘i ke kanaka nui a me kanaka iki;
E hele ka ‘elemakule, ka luahine, a me ke kama
A moe i ke ala
‘A‘ohe mea nāna e ho‘opilikia.

Hewa nō, make.

English translation:

Law of the Splintered Paddle:

Oh people,
Honor thy god;
respect alike [the rights of] people both great and humble;
May everyone, from the old men and women to the children
Be free to go forth and lay in the road (i.e. by the roadside or pathway)
Without fear of harm.

Break this law, and die.

 

Cultural context

It has been noted[clarification needed] that Kānāwai Māmalahoe was not an invention of Kamehameha I, but rather an articulation of concepts regarding governmental legitimacy that have been held in Hawaiʻi for many prior generations. Countless stories abound in Hawaiian folklore of the removal of chiefs[3] – generally, but not always, through popular execution – as a result of mistreatment of the common people,[4] who have traditionally been intolerant of bad government. As a shrewd politician and leader as well as a skilled warrior, Kamehameha used these concepts to turn what could have been a point of major popular criticism to his political advantage, while protecting the human rights of his people for future generations.

 

Modern relevance and controversy

Kānāwai Māmalahoe has been applied to Hawaiian rights, elder law, children’s rights, homeless advocacy, and bicyclist safety.[5][6] It also appears as a symbol of crossed paddles in the center of the badge of the Honolulu Police Department.[7] It is an unofficial symbol of the William S. Richardson School of Law, reflecting its ethos for legal education. As such, particularly in consideration of the human rights concerns of the Hawaiian sovereignty movement (in which the State of Hawaii is generally viewed as de facto, or lacking legitimacy[8]), Kānāwai Māmalahoe has been the subject of extended controversy.[9][10] Issues surround the use of the law of Kamehameha I in the State’s constitution and the treatment of homeless persons, especially those of native descent,[11][12] many of whom reside upon ancestral lands that have been converted to public use or private property under State law.[13]

“Law of the Aloha Spirit” a KIngdom of Hawaii law and a US State of Hawaii law

Law of the Aloha Spirit

[§5-7.5]  “Aloha Spirit”.  (a)  “Aloha Spirit” is the coordination of mind and heart within each person.  It brings each person to the self. 

Each person must think and emote good feelings to others.  In the contemplation and presence of the life force, “Aloha”, the following unuhi laula loa may be used:

     “Akahai”, meaning kindness to be expressed with tenderness;      “Lokahi”, meaning unity, to be expressed with harmony;

     “Oluolu”, meaning agreeable, to be expressed with pleasantness;

     “Haahaa”, meaning humility, to be expressed with modesty;

     “Ahonui”, meaning patience, to be expressed with perseverance.

 These are traits of character that express the charm, warmth and sincerity of Hawaii’s people.  It was the working philosophy of native Hawaiians and was presented as a gift to the people of Hawaii.  “Aloha” is more than a word of greeting or farewell or a salutation.  “Aloha” means mutual regard and affection and extends warmth in caring with no obligation in return.  “Aloha” is the essence of relationships in which each person is important to every other person for collective existence.  “Aloha” means to hear what is not said, to see what cannot be seen and to know the unknowable.

     (b)  In exercising their power on behalf of the people and in fulfillment of their responsibilities, obligations and service to the people, the legislature, governor, lieutenant governor, executive officers of each department, the chief justice, associate justices, and judges of the appellate, circuit, and district courts may contemplate and reside with the life force and give consideration to the “Aloha Spirit”. [L 1986, c 202, §1]

 

Copied from: http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov

 

UNITED STATES PUBLIC LAW 103-150 103d Congress Joint Resolution 19 Nov. 23, 1993


UNITED STATES PUBLIC LAW 103-150

103d Congress Joint Resolution 19

Nov. 23, 1993

To acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the January 17, 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and to offer an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Whereas, prior to the arrival of the first Europeans in 1778, the Native Hawaiian people lived in a highly organized, self-sufficient, subsistent social system based on communal land tenure with a sophisticated language, culture, and religion;

Whereas, a unified monarchical government of the Hawaiian Islands was established in 1810 under Kamehameha I, the first King of Hawaii;

Whereas, from 1826 until 1893, the United States recognized the independence of the Kingdom of Hawaii, extended full and complete diplomatic recognition to the Hawaiian Government, and entered into treaties and conventions with the Hawaiian monarchs to govern commerce and navigation in 1826, 1842, 18491875,and 1887;

Whereas, the Congregational Church (now known as the United Church of Christ), through its American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions,sponsored and sent more than 100 missionaries to the Kingdom of Hawaii between 1820 and 1850;

Whereas, on January 14, 1893, John L. Stevens (hereafter referred to in this Resolution as the “United States Minister”), the United States Minister assigned to the sovereign and independent Kingdom of Hawaii conspired with a small group of non-Hawaiian residents of the Kingdom of Hawaii, including citizens of the United States, to overthrow the indigenous and lawful Government of Hawaii;

Whereas, in pursuance of the conspiracy to overthrow the Government of Hawaii, the United States Minister and the naval representatives of the United States caused armed naval forces of the United States to invade the sovereign Hawaiian nation on January 16, 1893, and to position themselves near the Hawaiian Government buildings and the Iolani Palace to intimidate Queen Liliuokalani and her Government;

Whereas, on the afternoon of January 17,1893, a Committee of Safety that represented the American and European sugar planters, descendants of missionaries, and financiers deposed the Hawaiian monarchy and proclaimed the establishment of a Provisional Government;

Whereas, the United States Minister thereupon extended diplomatic recognition onto the Provisional Government that was formed by the conspirators without the consent of the Native Hawaiian people or the lawful Government of Hawaii and in violation of treaties between the two nations and of international law;

Whereas, soon thereafter, when informed of the risk of bloodshed with resistance, Queen Liliuokalani issued the following statement yielding her authority to the United States Government rather than to the Provisional Government:

“I Liliuokalani, by the Grace of God and under the Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Queen, do hereby solemnly protest against any and all acts done against myself and the Constitutional Government of the Hawaiian Kingdom by certain persons claiming to have established a Provisional Government of and for this Kingdom.

“That I yield to the superior force of the United States of America whose Minister Plenipotentiary, His Excellency John L. Stevens, has caused United States troops to be landed at Honolulu and declared that he would support the Provisional Government.

“Now to avoid any collision of armed forces, and perhaps the loss of life, I do this under protest and impelled by said force yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United States shall, upon facts being presented to it, undo the action of its representatives and reinstate me in the authority which I claim as the Constitutional Sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands.”.

Done at Honolulu this 17th day of January, A.D. 1893.;

Whereas, without the active support and intervention by the United States diplomatic and military representatives, the insurrection against the Government of Queen Liliuokalani would have failed for lack of popular support and insufficient arms;

Whereas, on February 1, 1893, the United States Minister raised the American flag and proclaimed Hawaii to be a protectorate of the United States;

Whereas, the report of a Presidentially established investigation conducted by former Congressman James Blount into the events surrounding the insurrection and overthrow of January 17, 1893, concluded that the United States diplomatic and military representatives had abused their authority and were responsible for the change in government;

Whereas, as a result of this investigation, the United States Minister to Hawaii was recalled from his diplomatic post and the military commander of the United States armed forces stationed in Hawaii was disciplined and forced to resign his commission;

Whereas, in a message to Congress on December 18, 1893, President Grover Cleveland reported fully and accurately on the illegal acts of the conspirators, described such acts as an “act of war, committed with the participation of a diplomatic representative of the United States and without authority of Congress”, and acknowledged that by such acts the government of a peaceful and friendly people was overthrown;

Whereas, President Cleveland further concluded that a “substantial wrong has thus been done which a due regard for our national character as well as the rights of the injured people requires we should endeavor to repair” and called for the restoration of the Hawaiian monarchy;

Whereas, the Provisional Government protested President Cleveland’s call for the restoration of the monarchy and continued to hold state power and pursue annexation to the United States;

Whereas, the Provisional Government successfully lobbied the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate (hereafter referred to in this Resolution as the “Committee”) to conduct a new investigation into the events surrounding the overthrow of the monarchy;

Whereas, the Committee and its chairman, Senator John Morgan, conducted hearings in Washington, D.C., from December 27,1893, through February 26, 1894,in which members of the Provisional Government justified and condoned the actions of the United States Minister and recommended annexation of Hawaii;

Whereas, although the Provisional Government was able to obscure the role of the United States in the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, it was unable to rally the support from two-thirds of the Senate needed to ratify a treaty of annexation;

Whereas, on July 4, 1894, the Provisional Government declared itself to bethe Republic of Hawaii;

Whereas, on January 24, 1895, while imprisoned in Iolani Palace, Queen Liliuokalani was forced by representatives of the Republic of Hawaii to officially abdicate her throne;

Whereas, in the 1896 United States Presidential election, William McKinley replaced Grover Cleveland;

Whereas, on July 7, 1898, as a consequence of the Spanish-American War, President McKinley signed the Newlands Joint Resolution that provided for the annexation of Hawaii;

Whereas, through the Newlands Resolution, the self-declared Republic of Hawaii ceded sovereignty over the Hawaiian Islands to the United States;

Whereas, the Republic of Hawaii also ceded 1,800,000 acres of crown, government and public lands of the Kingdom of Hawaii, without the consent of or compensation to the Native Hawaiian people of Hawaii or their sovereign government;

Whereas, the Congress, through the Newlands Resolution, ratified the cession,annexed Hawaii as part of the United States, and vested title to the lands in Hawaii in the United States;

Whereas, the Newlands Resolution also specified that treaties existing between Hawaii and foreign nations were to immediately cease and be replaced by United States treaties with such nations;

Whereas, the Newlands Resolution effected the transaction between the Republic of Hawaii and the United States Government;

Whereas, the indigenous Hawaiian people never directly relinquished their claims to their inherent sovereignty as a people or over their national lands to the United States, either through their monarchy or through a plebiscite or referendum;

Whereas, on April 30, 1900, President McKinley signed the Organic Act that provided a government for the territory of Hawaii and defined the political structure and powers of the newly established Territorial Government and its relationship to the United States;

Whereas, on August 21,1959, Hawaii became the 50th State of the United States;

Whereas, the health and well-being of the Native Hawaiian people is intrinsically tied to their deep feelings and attachment to the land;

Whereas, the long-range economic and social changes in Hawaii over the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries have been devastating to the population and to the health and well-being of the Hawaiian people;

Whereas, the Native Hawaiian people are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territory, and their cultural identity in accordance with their own spiritual and traditional beliefs, customs, practices, language, and social institutions;

Whereas, in order to promote racial harmony and cultural understanding, the Legislature of the State of Hawaii has determined that the year 1993, should serve Hawaii as a year of special reflection on the rights and dignities of the Native Hawaiians in the Hawaiian and the American societies;

Whereas, the Eighteenth General Synod of the United Church of Christ in recognition of the denomination’s historical complicity in the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893 directed the Office of the President of the United Church of Christ to offer a public apology to the Native Hawaiian people and to initiate the process of reconciliation between the United Church of Christ and the Native Hawaiians; and

Whereas, it is proper and timely for the Congress on the occasion of the impending one hundredth anniversary of the event, to acknowledge the historic significance of the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, to express its deep regret to the Native Hawaiian people, and to support the reconciliation efforts of the State of Hawaii and the United Church of Christ with Native Hawaiians;

Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND APOLOGY.

The Congress –

(1) on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893, acknowledges the historical significance of this event which resulted in the suppression of the inherent sovereignty of the Native Hawaiian people;

(2) recognizes and commends efforts of reconciliation initiated by the State of Hawaii and the United Church of Christ with Native Hawaiians;

(3) apologizes to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the people of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893 with the participation of agents and citizens of the United States, and the deprivation of the rights of Native Hawaiians to self-determination;

(4) expresses its commitment to acknowledge the ramifications of the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, in order to provide a proper foundation for reconciliation between the United States and the Native Hawaiian people; and

(5) urges the President of the United States to also acknowledge the ramifications of the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii and to support reconciliation efforts between the United States and the Native Hawaiian people.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

As used in this Joint Resolution, the term “Native Hawaiians” means any individual who is a descendent of the aboriginal people who, prior to 1778,occupied and exercised sovereignty in the area that now constitutes the State of Hawaii.

SEC. 3. DISCLAIMER.

Nothing in this Joint Resolution is intended to serve as a settlement of any claims against the United States.

Approved November 23, 1993

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Know and exercise these other important Kingdom of Hawaii laws below. Note that these are also State of Hawaii laws:

Law of the Spirit of Aloha

Law of the Splintered Paddle